Human Papillomavirus

Human papilloma virus is one of the most common viruses. HPV infects the keratinizing squamous or mucosal epithelium of the cervix. It is a non-enveloped DNA virus and is responsible for papillomas in human beings. Papillomas are benign warts but they can progress to form carcinomas in immune-compromised patients.

Types: 100 types of HPV have been identified, and each type is associated with a distinct clinical entity. For example, HPV 1 to HPV 4 cause plantar warts, HPV 6 and HPV 11 lead to genital warts, and HPV 16 and HPV 18 cause cervical carcinomas.

Mode of transmission: Human papillomavirus is transmitted mainly through skin-to-skin contact and intimate sexual contact with an infected person. People with multiple sex partners are at a higher risk of contracting the virus.

Pathogenesis: The proteins encoded by the two viral genes, E6 and E7 inhibit the activity of the proteins encoded by p53 and Rb (retinoblastoma) gene respectively.

Genome: The genome of human papillomavirus is dsDNA.

Laboratory diagnosis: Koilocytes present in the lesions are the hallmark of the infection. Patient history and physical examinations are important in the diagnosis. The diagnosis can be made by:

• Pap smears
• HPV tests

Papillex therapy: Papillex, a patented phytoceutical complex is formulated to respond to HPV related diseases naturally. The ingredients present in Papillex are:

• Carotenoids such as Lycopene, Lutin, and Zeaxanthin.
• Green tea extract containing polyphenols, catechins and flavonoids.
• Curcumin from Turmeric.
• Vitamin C.
• Vitamin E.
• Selenium, a trace element.
• Folic acid.
• Astragalus.
• Reishi mushroom extract.

These ingredients naturally respond to warts, cervical dysplasia and other HPV related diseases and are safe for continued use.

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