About HPV Test

An HPV test is used for the detection of high risk strains of HPV in women. This test is used as the primary tool for screening as an adjunct to Pap smear. An HPV test detects the viral DNA that contains the genetic information for HPV, and finds abnormalities that can lead to cancers.


Hybrid capture Test: (FDA approved)

Hybrid Capture Test is a commercially available HPV test. There are two types of Hybrid Capture tests:

  1. Hybrid Capture Test I: For research purposes, for the detection of low-risk types.

  2. Hybrid Capture Test II: For detection of high-risk types. (Accuracy rate is 95%)

Hybrid Capture Test II is the commonly used important test for HPV detection.


Procedure:

An HPV test is performed on a sample of cells collected from the cervix. The sample is collected with a brush or swab in the same way as it is done for Pap test. The sample is then taken to the lab for proper investigation and analysis.


Precautions:

Interpretation:

Pros:

Cons:

The HPV test is not widely accessible. Therefore, it is performed only in certain circumstances. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), the following instances merit a follow-up HPV:

This test is not recommended for women under 30 as most HPV infections are self-resolving and do not require treatment or have complications. HPV infects men and women equally, but this test is only for women.

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